APRIL BIRTHSTONE

April Birthstone 


For those who were born in the month of April the Diamond is the traditional birthstone. The April birthstone poem reflects some of the properties with which the Diamond is associated - enhancing relationships and increasing inner strength. The Traditional Metaphysical Properties for the April Birthstone Diamond are balance, clarity and abundance. The healing properties of the April birthstone are reputed to be effective for health problems relating to brain diseases, pituitary glands. The Diamond is also used to draw out toxins and therefore was used as a remedy for poison.


There are 4 choices of April birthstone:

Diamond
 Diamond is made of carbon and is the hardest natural mineral.  It is a stone that grows in the mantle of the Earth and is pushed up rapidly toward the surface. If it is not pushed up rapidly enough, the carbon dissipates.
Diamond is a stone that is used to bring energies of  longevity, balance, clarity, intensity, success, and abundance.  It also brings eternity, purity, and high frequency energy. It also is a stone of amplification, including thoughts, strengths, and weaknesses.
t gives one who wears or carries it courage and hope. And indeed, it is a symbol of invincibility, due to it being the hardest stone. enhance strength in emotional, spiritual, and physical realms
Diamond is said to be a cosmic dragon's remains that tap into Divine Energy. 

Sapphire

Besides diamond, sapphire is the traditional birthstone for April. The gemstone was the April birthstone in the old Roman, Italian, Russian, Hebrew and Arabic calendar. Before sapphire became the birthstone of April in these ancient calendars, the gemstone was the main zodiac stone for Taurus, which falls partly on the month of April.
This April gemstone is a precious variety of corundum, which when red is called ruby. While occurring in a variety of colors — ranging from pink, orange, yellow, white to black — sapphire is most popular in its blue color, which makes the name sapphire synonymous to a brilliant blue. The April stone is believed to bring inner peace and spiritual enlightenment.

Clear Quartz

Beside diamond, clear quartz, also known as rock crystal, has also been designated in Britain to a birthstone for April. The rationale seems rather simple: Rock crystal is clear as diamond is clear. Indeed, clear quartz provides a less expensive alternative for an April birthstone to diamond. This new April stone is the colorless variety of quartz, which when yellow is called citrine, and when violet amethyst. The April gemstone is believed to bring happiness.
Opal
Opal is the birthstone for April in the old Tibetan calendar. This April birthstone occurs in a variety of colors, and is popular for its multi-colored fire that shines against a certain body tone, which ranges from white, blue, to black, black being the most expensive of the precious opal. The Romans held this birthstone of April to be a symbol of hope and purity.

Birthstones by Zodiac Sign

Aries: Diamond March 21 – April 19

The Ram is the most hardheaded animal in the zodiac and represents the Aries tendency to move on to bigger and better things. Wearing a diamond provides clarity as you make your way forward without necessarily looking.

Taurus: Emerald April 20 – May 20

The green hues of the emerald were said by the ancients to have been the dewdrops left by the barefoot goddess, Venus. When the Bull wears an emerald, your natural sensitivity will mix better with your deep selectivity. You are at your best when your passions have standards.

HISTORY OF VALENTINE’S DAY

The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and how did he become associated with this ancient rite?
The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.
Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. According to one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the first “valentine” greeting himself after he fell in love with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine,” an expression that is still in use today. Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the Middle Ages, perhaps thanks to this reputation, Valentine would become one of the most popular saints in England and France.
While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270–others claim that the Christian church may have decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Celebrated at the ides of February, or February 15, Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.
To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were believed to have been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Far from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year. Later in the day, according to legend, all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.
Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity and but was outlawed—as it was deemed “un-Christian”–at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day. It was not until much later, however, that the day became definitively associated with love. During the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed in France and England that February 14 was the beginning of birds’ mating season, which added to the idea that the middle of Valentine’s Day should be a day for romance.
Valentine greetings were popular as far back as the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to appear until after 1400. The oldest known valentine still in existence today was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. (The greeting is now part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London, England.) Several years later, it is believed that King Henry V hired a writer named John Lydgate to compose a valentine note to Catherine of Valois.
In addition to the United States, Valentine’s Day is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France and Australia. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the 17th century. By the middle of the 18th, it was common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes, and by 1900 printed cards began to replace written letters due to improvements in printing technology. Ready-made cards were an easy way for people to express their emotions in a time when direct expression of one’s feelings was discouraged. Cheaper postage rates also contributed to an increase in the popularity of sending Valentine’s Day greetings.

Americans probably began exchanging hand-made valentines in the early 1700s. In the 1840s, Esther A. Howland began selling the first mass-produced valentines in America. Howland, known as the “Mother of the Valentine,” made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful pictures known as “scrap.” Today, according to the Greeting Card Association, an estimated 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent each year, making Valentine’s Day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year. (An estimated 2.6 billion cards are sent for Christmas.) Women purchase approximately 85 percent of all valentines.
SOURCE:www.history.com

January Birthstone

January Birthstone

Aren't garnets those wonderful deep-red gemstones you often find in antique jewellery? Well yes, to a certain extent, a deep, warm red indeed being the color most frequently found in garnets. Sadly, however, far too few people are aware that the world of the garnets is far more colourful than that. Spectacular finds, especially in Africa, have enhanced the traditional image of the garnet with a surprising number of hues - even if red does continue to be its principal colour. Thanks to their rich colour spectrum, garnets today can quite happily keep pace with changes of style and the colour trends of fashion. And thanks to the new finds, there is a reliable supply of them too. So in fact this gemstone group in particular is one which gives new impetus to the world of jewellery today.

Zodiac gemstone for capricorn: ruby
Ancient traditional birthstones:
Hebrew: garnet
Roman: garnet
Arabic: garnet
Hindu: serpent-stone (even the ICA can't help you with this one)
Polish: garnet
Russian: garnet
Guardian angel: Gabriel
His talismanic stone: onyx


GARNET

 Garnet necklace

Alternate Names & Spellings for Garnet:  Arizona Ruby, Carbuncle, Cinnamon Stone, Gooseberry Garnet, Grape Garnet and dozens more below, as garnet comes in a wide range of types and colors.
Garnet is believed to get its name from Latin for "seed" (granate) due to red garnet's similarity to a pomegranate seed.
CRYSTAL MEANINGS, METAPHYSICAL AND HEALING PROPERTIES LORE OF GARNET:

Spiritual and Psychic Properties
 Black Onyx Uses and benefits
1. Stones are recommended for kidney and liver disease.
2. Black onyx stone can change the bad habits of the wearer.
3. Making good at speaking users.
4. Reduce stress and give you a good night’s sleep.
5. To cut a sense of love and lust overload.
6. Assist or accelerate the growth of skin, nails and hair.
7. Repel negative air, improving intelligence and spiritual inspiration.

Keywords:  Regeneration, Vitality, Order
Garnet is a stone of regeneration and energizing.  Garnet can boost the energy of an entire system and revitalize it. It is said to be stabilizing in that it can bring order to chaos whether internal or external. 
Garnet is a protective energy stone which is especially known for protection from evil, during travel, nightmares, and from wounds. Garnet has been used to release bad karma, which can be considered a form of protection in this life. Garnet is said to be a stone of protecting against and success with lawsuits.
As a root chakra stone, garnet said to be excellent for manifestation. It is used to ground one's dreams in reality, bringing abundance, prosperity, and realization of those dreams. Square cut garnets are reputed to be especially good tools for business success. All garnets are used to assist on an energetic level with success in one's career in part by building one's self-confidence, inspiration, and creativity. It can also make clear what is one's life purpose.

Black Onyx meaning is Self control, decision-making, intuition, protection. It is widely believed that black onyx can change your habits are erratic, either when used with faith. It is about as one powerful protection stone as it absorbs negative energy of people to release mental stress and promote emotional well-being.
Black Onyx is associated with the planet Saturn, which will bring a positive vibe for those born in the shadow of the planet Saturn. It is a stone for Leo zodiac sign. Black Onyx stone will help maintenance Leo characteristic.
Black Onyx meaning In the Indian tradition is said to help people to forget about their past relationships and bring people in tune with the present.
Black onyx symbolize purity. According to ancient legend, the dark color of the stone is due to absorb much negative energy.

 Onyx bracelet






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