August Birthstone

AUGUST BIRTHSTONE

Three birthstones are available for August birthdays: peridot, sardonyx, and spinel.

Peridot

                              
Peridot is said to host magical powers and healing properties to protect against nightmares and to bring the wearer power, influence, and a wonderful year. As peridot is a gemstone that forms deep inside the earth and brought to the surface by volcanoes, in Hawaii, peridot symbolizes the tears of Pele, the goddess of fire and volcanoes. 
Today, most of the peridot supply comes from Arizona; other sources are China, Myanmar, and Pakistan. This gemstone comes in several color variations ranging from yellowish green to brown, but most consumers are attracted to the bright lime greens and olive greens. 
Peridot, in smaller sizes, often is used in beaded necklaces and bracelets.

Spinel


The spinel is often assumed to be other gemstones because it tends to resemble either a ruby or sapphire. In fact, some of the most famous rubies in history have turned out to be spinel. But its distinguishing features, like its octahedral crystal structure and single refraction, are what sets it apart from other gems. Spinel also has a lower Mohs hardness than ruby and sapphire.
Significant deposits of spinel have been found in Cambodia, Myanmar, Sri Lanka, and Thailand. It has also been found in Afghanistan, Australia, Brazil, Madagascar, Nepal, Nigeria, Tadzhikistan, Tanzania and the U.S.
Vivid red is the most desirable color of spinel gemstones, followed by cobalt blue, bright pink and bright orange. The more affordable stones are often those with paler colors, like lavender. You may also find spinel in black, violet blue, greenish blue, grayish, pale pink, mauve, yellow or brown. So many choices!
When shopping for spinel, a good quality stone should have no visible inclusions. The more inclusions, the less valuable the stone. Spinel can be found various cuts, like octagons, trillions, squares, rounds and fancy shapes, like ovals, pears, and cushions.
 SOURCE: American Gem Society

Alternative gemstones for August

Carnelian

Carnelian is another traditional birthstone for August, and was the August birthstone in the old Roman, Italian and Hebrew calendar. Before the gemstone became the birthstone of August in these ancient calendars, carnelian was a zodiac stone for both Virgo and Leo, the two zodiac signs falling partly in the month of August. So close to sard in characteristics that their names are often confused, carnelian is the red variety of chalcedony. This August gemstone is believed to fuel passion and desire.

Ruby

Ruby is the birthstone for August in the Hindu calendar. This August birthstone is the red variety of corundum, which would be otherwise called sapphire if occurring in another color. The August gemstone is believed to boost courage and mental power.

Sapphire

Before ruby was the birthstone for August in the Hindu calendar, sapphire was the August birthstone in the old Hindu, also known as Ayurvedic calendar. This August gemstone is corundum occurring in a variety of colors except red, which would be called ruby, but is most popular for its deep blue crystals. Blue sapphire is specifically identified to be a zodiac stone for Virgo, which falls partly in the month of August. The August stone is believed to bring inner peace and counteract depression.

Diamond

Diamond is the birthstone for August in the old Tibetan calendar. This August birthstone is most popular for its bright white crystals, though the gemstone occurs in a great variety of colors. This highly valuable August gemstone is believed to protect its wearer from misfortune.

Moonstone

Moonstone is another traditional birthstone for August. This August birthstone consists of alternate layers of orthoclase and albite, giving the gemstone the appearance of glowing from within. The August stone is believed to chase away anxiety

Topaz

Topaz is still another gemstone recorded to be a traditional birthstone for August. This birthstone of August is a transparent gemstone most widely regarded as yellow in color during the Middle Ages. The August birthstone is believed to stimulate optimism and increase strength.

August Birthstone Color

What color is August birthstone? The birthstone color for August is rather not definite. If the august color has to be judged by the modern birthstone for August, peridot, then the August birthstone color would be green, specifically light green.
However, the alternate birthstone of August in Britain, sardonyx, which is also the traditional gemstone for August in the old Polish and Arabic calendar, is popular for its red bands. The other most widely accepted traditional stone for August, carnelian, which hails from old Roman, Italian and Hebrew calendar, is also red. It is apparent that red is the traditional August stone color. This is seconded by the Russian August gemstone, alexandrite, which is half the time red, as well as by ruby, the August birthstone in the Hindu calendar.
Of course, other colors are also seen among the birthstones for August. Sardonyx, moonstone and diamond are white; topaz is yellow; while sapphire occurs in all other colors beside red.

June Birthstone

June Birthstone 



The American Gem Society recognize three birthstones: pearl Alexandrite and Moonstone.
June’s birthstones range from creamy-colored opalescent pearl and moonstone to the rare color-changing alexandrite—one of the most valuable gems on earth. With this spectrum of price points and color options, people with June birthdays can choose a beautiful gemstone to fit any mood or budget.

Wikipedia  chooses of  June birthstones:

Cat’s eye
Cat’s eye was a traditional birthstone for June from as far back as the 15th century. The June birthstone is also known as cymophane from the mineral chrysoberyl. Yellow in color, this June stone is distinguished for its chatoyancy or iridescent luster, which resembles the eye of the cat, hence the name cat’s eye.



Turquoise
Turquoise is another traditional birthstone for June from as early as the 15th century. This June birthstone is among the most valuable of opaque stones, and occurs in a light blue color, to which the gemstone for June lent its name — turquoise. The June gemstone is believed bring courage and luck, as well as relieve mental stresses.







Agate

Arabic, Polish and Russian calendar. Before the gemstone went into these calendars as birthstone of June, agate was the zodiac stone for Gemini. This June birthstone is banded chalcedony that occurs in a wide variety of colors. The June gemstone is believed to stimulate eloquence, as well as bring calm and focus
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Granite
The term "granitic" means granite-like and is applied to granite and a group of intrusive igneous rocks with similar textures and slight variations in composition and origin. These rocks mainly consist of feldspar, quartz, mica, and amphibole minerals, which form an interlocking, somewhat equigranular matrix of feldspar and quartz with scattered darker biotite mica and amphibole (often hornblende) peppering the lighter color minerals. Occasionally some individual crystals (phenocrysts) are larger than the groundmass, in which case the texture is known as porphyritic. A granitic rock with a porphyritic texture is known as a granite porphyry. Granitoid is a general, descriptive field term for lighter-colored, coarse-grained igneous rocks. Petrographic examination is required for identification of specific types of granitoids.The extrusive igneous rock equivalent of granite is rhyolite.

Moonstone
Moonstone is another modern birthstone for June in the Western calendar, as well as the June birthstone in the old Tibetan calendar. Before moonstone appeared in the Julian calendar, the stone for June was the zodiac stone for Cancer and Gemini, who are both partly born in the month of June. This June gemstone is feldspar mineral made up of alternate layers of orthoclase and albite, which give the gemstone the appearance of glowing from within. The birthstone of June is thought to relieve anxiety and stimulate clairvoyance at the same time.

Alexandrite
Alexandrite is the modern birthstone for June in the United States of America, as well as a traditional June birthstone from as far back as the 15th century. This June stone, like cat’s eye, is a variety of chrysoberyl, but one that changes color depending on the light. Specimens of the alexandrite from Russia change from green during the day to red at night. Other crystals of the gemstone for June may be yellow or pink at daytime

Pearl
Pearl is the modern birthstone for June in the Western calendar, as well as the June birthstone in the Indian calendar, both the contemporary and the old or Ayurvedic. Pearl was likewise the traditional June gemstone in the old Arabic calendar. Before pearl found its way into the Julian calendar, the birthstone of June was the zodiac stone for Cancer, as well as Gemini, both signs partly falling in the month of June. This June stone is produced, not by geologic manner, but by biological process taking place inside a mollusk, which tries to coat a foreign body with mother-of-pearl, thereby giving birth to the round gemstone. The gemstone for June is regarded as a stone of purity, and is believed to bestow wisdom, protection and good luck.

Chalcedony
Chalcedony was a traditional birthstone for June from the times of the ancient Arabic, Polish and Russian calendar. While the gemstone refers to a wide variety of quartz stones that include agate, carnelian and onyx, chalcedony as a June birthstone is popularly taken to mean the white chalcedony, or its bluish white variety. This birthstone of June is thought to relieve depression and bring emotional balance
Emerald
Emerald is the traditional birthstone for June in the old Italian calendar. Before the gemstone appeared in the ancient calendar as June birthstone, emerald was the zodiac stone for Cancer, as well as the talismanic stone for Gemini. A transparent gemstone, this gemstone for June is the highly valuable green variety of beryl, counted among the four precious stones of the modern age. The June stone is believed to promote emotional well-being, as well as stimulate clairvoyance.

Source: http://kamayojewelry.com/month-birthstones/june-birth-stone/



May Birthstone

May Birthstone

May birthdays fall right in the heart of spring, and the emerald is the perfect gem to symbolize and celebrate this month. Prized for its brilliant and beautiful green color, the emerald is often favored by the rich and famous to wear as statement pieces for big events.

There are 6 others choices for May Birthstone:

 Emerald

Called the “Stone of Successful Love,” Emerald opens and nurtures the heart and the Heart Chakra. Its soothing energy provides healing to all levels of the being, bringing freshness and vitality to the spirit. A stone of inspiration and infinite patience, it embodies unity, compassion and unconditional love.





Agate


Agate's most noticeable properties overall are balancing yin/yang energy, courage, protection, healing, and calming. Historically it was placed in water for cooking or drinking to dispel sickness. TheMetaphysical and Healing Properties Lore of any specific type of agate depend to some extent on the color of the agate, but all agate have certain things in common.
Agate is a stone of strength. It was used by the Ancients on the breastplates of armor to give warriors strength and make them victorious in battle. Energetically, it is considered to give strength in both battles and physically.
Chrysoprase 

Chrysoprase is powerful stone. It is said to bring good fortune and prosperity, as well as business success. It facilitates self-expression, courage, hope, and the ability to use them wisely. It can bring happiness, which is partly because it helps its wearer get rid of negative thoughts and irritability. It also enhances and strengthens friendships. Chrysoprase is a stone of balance that equalize yin/yang energies and allows deep meditation. It can mend broken hearts and remove inferiority or superiority complexes. t is a powerful healing stone that is said to aid failing eyesight or other eye problems, immune system response, fertility issues, gout, mental illness, relieves fevers and excess body heat, and can help guard against sexually transmitted diseases. Note that healing crystal meanings are spiritual supports to healing and are not prescriptions or healthcare information. 

Carnelian


Carnelian is an agate class of chalcedony that is a stone of creativity, individuality and courage. Like all agates, it has protection energies. It can aid memory, including recall of past lives. It can assist one in finding the right mate. It is also a stone of protection in general and from anger, jealousy and fear. In addition it can help with manifestation of one's desires, and brings good luck. Carnelian can help ease or remove sorrows. It also helps stabilize energies in the home. It is sometimes called the "actor's stone". Carnelian is associated with the root and sacral chakras. Physically, carnelian has been used in crystal healing to heal open sores, rejuvenate tissues and cells, rheumatism, kidney stones and other kidney problems, gall stones, colds, pollen allergies, and neuralgia. Note that healing crystal meanings are spiritual supports to healing and are not prescriptions or healthcare information.

Chalcedony


Chalcedony is a type of quartz that comes in many colors. It is used in crystal work for many things. It is said to gently relieve depression and improve one's frame of mind. It is used to lessen hostility and bring emotional stability.
Chalcedony  is considered a sacred stone by many Native American tribes and used for ceremonies.  It has been called a "stone of brotherhood" bringing energies of loving kindness and goodwill to all.
Chalcedony is also reported to be a miracle stone, bringing apparent miracles to our plane of existence. 
Chalcedony also has energies of quartz. It is used in folk and crystal healing for heavy metal toxicity, senility, dementia, and mental stability. Note that healing crystal meanings are spiritual supports to healing and are not prescriptions or healthcare information.
Sapphire

Sapphire is the mineral corundum. While we often think of it as blue, it  comes in virtually any color of the rainbow including pink, purple, orange, yellow, green, colorless, and red (ruby), black.  Each color sapphire has basic sapphire energies as well as those related to its own color and the minute mineral inclusions that cause that color.

Sapphire is a stone of intuition and meditation. Using a sapphire during meditation can enhance ones innate intuition and bring to light all manner of creative expression that can be locked within the self. In this, sapphire is excellent not only for Light workers but also for artists and other creatives. 
Sapphire is used to bring joy, peace, and beauty through meditation into this plane. It can bring fulfillment of dreams and prosperity. 
Many times sapphire is used for protection in psychic and ritual work, as well as in the every day realm.  It has strong energy for general protection, as well as protection from evil.





APRIL BIRTHSTONE

April Birthstone 


For those who were born in the month of April the Diamond is the traditional birthstone. The April birthstone poem reflects some of the properties with which the Diamond is associated - enhancing relationships and increasing inner strength. The Traditional Metaphysical Properties for the April Birthstone Diamond are balance, clarity and abundance. The healing properties of the April birthstone are reputed to be effective for health problems relating to brain diseases, pituitary glands. The Diamond is also used to draw out toxins and therefore was used as a remedy for poison.


There are 4 choices of April birthstone:

Diamond
 Diamond is made of carbon and is the hardest natural mineral.  It is a stone that grows in the mantle of the Earth and is pushed up rapidly toward the surface. If it is not pushed up rapidly enough, the carbon dissipates.
Diamond is a stone that is used to bring energies of  longevity, balance, clarity, intensity, success, and abundance.  It also brings eternity, purity, and high frequency energy. It also is a stone of amplification, including thoughts, strengths, and weaknesses.
t gives one who wears or carries it courage and hope. And indeed, it is a symbol of invincibility, due to it being the hardest stone. enhance strength in emotional, spiritual, and physical realms
Diamond is said to be a cosmic dragon's remains that tap into Divine Energy. 

Sapphire

Besides diamond, sapphire is the traditional birthstone for April. The gemstone was the April birthstone in the old Roman, Italian, Russian, Hebrew and Arabic calendar. Before sapphire became the birthstone of April in these ancient calendars, the gemstone was the main zodiac stone for Taurus, which falls partly on the month of April.
This April gemstone is a precious variety of corundum, which when red is called ruby. While occurring in a variety of colors — ranging from pink, orange, yellow, white to black — sapphire is most popular in its blue color, which makes the name sapphire synonymous to a brilliant blue. The April stone is believed to bring inner peace and spiritual enlightenment.

Clear Quartz

Beside diamond, clear quartz, also known as rock crystal, has also been designated in Britain to a birthstone for April. The rationale seems rather simple: Rock crystal is clear as diamond is clear. Indeed, clear quartz provides a less expensive alternative for an April birthstone to diamond. This new April stone is the colorless variety of quartz, which when yellow is called citrine, and when violet amethyst. The April gemstone is believed to bring happiness.
Opal
Opal is the birthstone for April in the old Tibetan calendar. This April birthstone occurs in a variety of colors, and is popular for its multi-colored fire that shines against a certain body tone, which ranges from white, blue, to black, black being the most expensive of the precious opal. The Romans held this birthstone of April to be a symbol of hope and purity.

Birthstones by Zodiac Sign

Aries: Diamond March 21 – April 19

The Ram is the most hardheaded animal in the zodiac and represents the Aries tendency to move on to bigger and better things. Wearing a diamond provides clarity as you make your way forward without necessarily looking.

Taurus: Emerald April 20 – May 20

The green hues of the emerald were said by the ancients to have been the dewdrops left by the barefoot goddess, Venus. When the Bull wears an emerald, your natural sensitivity will mix better with your deep selectivity. You are at your best when your passions have standards.

HISTORY OF VALENTINE’S DAY

The history of Valentine’s Day–and the story of its patron saint–is shrouded in mystery. We do know that February has long been celebrated as a month of romance, and that St. Valentine’s Day, as we know it today, contains vestiges of both Christian and ancient Roman tradition. But who was Saint Valentine, and how did he become associated with this ancient rite?
The Catholic Church recognizes at least three different saints named Valentine or Valentinus, all of whom were martyred. One legend contends that Valentine was a priest who served during the third century in Rome. When Emperor Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, he outlawed marriage for young men. Valentine, realizing the injustice of the decree, defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When Valentine’s actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death.
Other stories suggest that Valentine may have been killed for attempting to help Christians escape harsh Roman prisons, where they were often beaten and tortured. According to one legend, an imprisoned Valentine actually sent the first “valentine” greeting himself after he fell in love with a young girl–possibly his jailor’s daughter–who visited him during his confinement. Before his death, it is alleged that he wrote her a letter signed “From your Valentine,” an expression that is still in use today. Although the truth behind the Valentine legends is murky, the stories all emphasize his appeal as a sympathetic, heroic and–most importantly–romantic figure. By the Middle Ages, perhaps thanks to this reputation, Valentine would become one of the most popular saints in England and France.
While some believe that Valentine’s Day is celebrated in the middle of February to commemorate the anniversary of Valentine’s death or burial–which probably occurred around A.D. 270–others claim that the Christian church may have decided to place St. Valentine’s feast day in the middle of February in an effort to “Christianize” the pagan celebration of Lupercalia. Celebrated at the ides of February, or February 15, Lupercalia was a fertility festival dedicated to Faunus, the Roman god of agriculture, as well as to the Roman founders Romulus and Remus.
To begin the festival, members of the Luperci, an order of Roman priests, would gather at a sacred cave where the infants Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome, were believed to have been cared for by a she-wolf or lupa. The priests would sacrifice a goat, for fertility, and a dog, for purification. They would then strip the goat’s hide into strips, dip them into the sacrificial blood and take to the streets, gently slapping both women and crop fields with the goat hide. Far from being fearful, Roman women welcomed the touch of the hides because it was believed to make them more fertile in the coming year. Later in the day, according to legend, all the young women in the city would place their names in a big urn. The city’s bachelors would each choose a name and become paired for the year with his chosen woman. These matches often ended in marriage.
Lupercalia survived the initial rise of Christianity and but was outlawed—as it was deemed “un-Christian”–at the end of the 5th century, when Pope Gelasius declared February 14 St. Valentine’s Day. It was not until much later, however, that the day became definitively associated with love. During the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed in France and England that February 14 was the beginning of birds’ mating season, which added to the idea that the middle of Valentine’s Day should be a day for romance.
Valentine greetings were popular as far back as the Middle Ages, though written Valentine’s didn’t begin to appear until after 1400. The oldest known valentine still in existence today was a poem written in 1415 by Charles, Duke of Orleans, to his wife while he was imprisoned in the Tower of London following his capture at the Battle of Agincourt. (The greeting is now part of the manuscript collection of the British Library in London, England.) Several years later, it is believed that King Henry V hired a writer named John Lydgate to compose a valentine note to Catherine of Valois.
In addition to the United States, Valentine’s Day is celebrated in Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, France and Australia. In Great Britain, Valentine’s Day began to be popularly celebrated around the 17th century. By the middle of the 18th, it was common for friends and lovers of all social classes to exchange small tokens of affection or handwritten notes, and by 1900 printed cards began to replace written letters due to improvements in printing technology. Ready-made cards were an easy way for people to express their emotions in a time when direct expression of one’s feelings was discouraged. Cheaper postage rates also contributed to an increase in the popularity of sending Valentine’s Day greetings.

Americans probably began exchanging hand-made valentines in the early 1700s. In the 1840s, Esther A. Howland began selling the first mass-produced valentines in America. Howland, known as the “Mother of the Valentine,” made elaborate creations with real lace, ribbons and colorful pictures known as “scrap.” Today, according to the Greeting Card Association, an estimated 1 billion Valentine’s Day cards are sent each year, making Valentine’s Day the second largest card-sending holiday of the year. (An estimated 2.6 billion cards are sent for Christmas.) Women purchase approximately 85 percent of all valentines.
SOURCE:www.history.com